Giro d’Italia 2013 Stage 11 is a Medium Mountain stage between Tarvisio (Cave del Predil) and Vajont 1963/2013 (Erto e Casso). The length of the course is 182 kilometers.
Previous stage: Giro d’Italia 2013 Stage 10 details
Next stage: Giro d’Italia 2013 Stage 12 details
Giro d’Italia 2013 Stage 11 quick info
- DATE: May 15, 2013, Wednesday
- STAGE TYPE: Medium Mountain
- START-FINISH: Tarvisio (Cave del Predil) (900m) > Vajont 1963/2013 (Erto e Casso) (809m)
- LENGTH OF THE COURSE: 182 km
Giro d’Italia 2013 Stage 11 Profile
Giro d’Italia 2013 Stage 11 Map
Tarvisio is a town in the Province of Udine, the northeastern part of the autonomous Friuli-Venezia Giulia region in Italy. The town is situated in the Canal Valley (Val Canale), between the Carnic Alps and Karawanks ranges in the north and the Julian Alps in the south.
Located at the border with both Austria and Slovenia, Tarvisio and its neighboring municipalities of Arnoldstein and Kranjska Gora form the tripoint of Romance, Germanic, and Slavic Europe. The height west of the town center marks the watershed between the Slizza creek, a tributary of the Gail River which is part of the Danube basin, and the Fella River, a tributary of the Tagliamento discharging into the Adriatic Sea. Tarvisio together with the rest of the Canal Valley was part of Austria until 1919.
Cave del Predil
Cave del Predil is a frazione subdivision of the comune of Tarvisio in the Province of Udine, in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of northeastern Italy. It is located about 15 km (9 mi) south of the town center, in the valley of the Rio del Lago (Seebach) river on the road to the Predil Pass of the western Julian Alps, close to the border with Slovenia.
Finish: Vajont dam
Vajont is a town and comune in the province of Pordenone, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, north-eastern Italy.
Completed in 1959, the Vajont Dam is one of the tallest dams in the world, it is 262 meters (860 ft) high, 27 meters (89 ft) wide and 22.11 meters (72 ft 6 in) thick at the base and 191 meters (627 ft) wide and 3.4 meters (11 ft 2 in) thick at the top. Today, it is a disused dam.
On 9 October 1963, during the initial filling, a landslide caused a megatsunami in the lake in which 50 million cubic meters of water overtopped the dam in a wave of 250 meters (820 ft), leading to the complete destruction of several villages and towns, and 1,917 deaths. Although the dam itself remained almost intact and two-thirds of the water was retained behind it, the landslide was much larger than expected and the impact brought massive flooding and destruction to the Piave Valley below.
This event occurred after the company and the Italian government concealed reports and dismissed evidence that Monte Toc, on the southern side of the basin, was geologically unstable. They had disregarded numerous warnings, signs of danger, and negative appraisals, and the eventual attempts to safely control the landslide by lowering the lake’s level came when the landslide was almost imminent.
Erto e Casso
Erto e Casso is a municipality in the Province of Pordenone in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located about 130 km northwest of Trieste and about 40 km northwest of Pordenone.
Erto and Casso were the two villages in the Vajont (/vaˈjɔnt/) valley, above the artificial lake, before the Vajont Dam disaster on 9 October 1963. The landslide and flood killed 1,917 people in total, destroying five villages in the Piave valley but leaving Erto and Casso only slightly damaged. The two villages were cautiously evacuated within three days of the disaster and the valley stayed empty for three years thereafter. During those years, some of the survivors settled down in the Maniago municipality, creating what would become the new Vajont municipality from 1971.
Three years after the evacuation, some other survivors, in spite of being forbidden to return to the valley, went back to their former houses and reformed the villages of Erto and Casso, which still form the municipality today.
Giro d’Italia 2013 Stage 11 Climbs
There are 2 main climbs in the stage route:
- Sella Ciampigotto (120.4th km, 1790 m): starting at 88.5th kilometer at Ovaro (531 m). Riders will gain 1259 meters in 31.9 kilometers (average 4%).
- Diga del Vajont (182nd km, 809 m): starting at 174.5th kilometer at Longarone (447 m). Riders will gain 362 meters in 7.5 kilometers (average 4.8%, max. 9%).