Giro d’Italia 2013 Stage 16 is a Medium Mountain stage between Valloire and Ivrea, starting in France and finishing in Italy. The length of the course is 238 kilometers.
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Giro d’Italia 2013 Stage 16 quick info
- DATE: May 21, 2013, Tuesday
- STAGE TYPE: Medium Mountain
- START-FINISH: Valloire (1457 m) > Ivrea (245 m)
- LENGTH OF THE COURSE: 238 km
Giro d’Italia 2013 Stage 16 Profile
There are 2 main climbs in the stage route:
- Col du Mont Cenis (64.8th km, 2081 m): peloton will climb up second time to Col du Mont Cenis. Starting at 14.6th kilometer at St. Michel de Maurienne (718 m). Riders will gain 1363 meters in 50.2 kilometers (average 2.7%). The peloton will pass the France/Italy border at the decent of this climb, at 78.1st kilometer, with the elevation of 1720 meters.
- Andrate (220.5th km, 836 m): starting at 214.7th kilometer at Chiaverano (327 m). Riders will gain 509 meters in 5.8 kilometers (average 8.7%, 13% max).
Andrate is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 50 km north of Turin. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 487. (wiki)
Valloire is a commune in the Savoie department in the Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.
It is a traditional village known for its après-ski and restaurants. The resort includes two ski schools École du Ski Français, which is the largest ski school company in France, and “Ecole du Ski Internationale”.
The ski resort Valloire-Galibier is located in the commune, at the foot of the Col du Télégraphe, and next to the ski resort of Valmeinier, (the alps) France.
Valloire is known as an art resort. Since 1984, it has been organizing the International Competition of Ice Sculptures and Snow Sculptures around January 18th each year.
Ivrea is a town and comune of the province of Turin in the Piedmont region of northwestern Italy. Situated on the road leading to the Aosta Valley (part of the medieval Via Francigena), it straddles the Dora Baltea and is regarded as the centre of the Canavese area. Ivrea lies in a basin that, in prehistoric times, formed a great lake. Today a number of five smaller lakes – Sirio, San Michele, Pistono, Nero and Campagna – dot the area around the town.
During the 20th century, its primary claim to fame was as the base of operations for Olivetti, a renowned manufacturer of typewriters, mechanical calculators, and, later, computers. The company no longer has an independent existence, though its name still appears as a registered trademark on office equipment manufactured by others. In 1970 about 90,000 people (including commuters from Southern Italy) lived and worked in the Ivrea Area. When Olivetti closed its operations the population sensibly dropped.
On July 1, 2018, the site which is known as “Industrial City of the 20th Century” was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
The industrial city of Ivrea comprises a large factory and buildings designed to serve the administration and social services, as well as residential units. Designed by leading Italian urban planners and architects, mostly between the 1930s and the 1960s, this architectural ensemble reflects the ideas of the Community Movement (Movimento Comunità). A model social project, Ivrea expresses a modern vision of the relationship between industrial production and architecture.
According to UNESCO:
The industrial city of Ivrea is an ensemble of outstanding architectural quality that represents the work of Italian modernist designers and architects and demonstrates an exceptional example of 20th century developments in the design of production, taking into account changing industrial and social needs. Ivrea represents one of the first and highest expressions of a modern vision in relation to production, architectural design and social aspects at a global scale in relation to the history of industrial construction, and the transition from mechanical to digitalised industrial technologies.
The attributes of the property are – the spatial plan of the industrial city, the public buildings and spaces, and residential buildings developed by Olivetti (including their extant interior elements). The influences of the Community Movement on the provision of buildings for residential and social purposes is an important intangible element, although the functions of most non-residential buildings have ceased.