Passo dello Stelvio (Stelvio Pass) sign

Cima Coppi

The Cima Coppi is the summit with highest altitude reached by cyclists during the Giro d’Italia. It was established in 1965, five years after the death of the “Il Campionissimo” (champion of champions) Fausto Coppi.

Naturally, depending on the altitude profile of the Giro d’Italia, the Cima Coppi changes from year to year. The highest point of Cima Copi in history is Passo dello Stelvio (Stelvio Pass), which is 2758 meters. Passo dello Stelvio has been used in the 1972, 1975, 1980, 1994, 2005, 2012, 2014 and 2017 editions of Giro d’Italia. It was also expected in 1967, 1984, 1988 and 2013 editions, but in each case the course was modified due to weather conditions.

Fausto Coppi climbing Passo dello Stelvio
Fausto Coppi climbing Passo dello Stelvio (foto: http://cobblesandhills.com)

Cima Coppi History, Year by Year

1965: Passo Dello Stelvio (1,958 m / 6,424 ftnotes 1), Graziano Battistini

Graziano Battistini, Passo dello Stelvio, Giro d'Italia 1965
Graziano Battistini was the first rider who passed the first Cima Coppi: Passo dello Stelvio, Giro d’Italia 1965 (photo: gazzetta.it)
Graziano Battistini, Passo dello Stelvio, Giro d'Italia 1965
Graziano Battistini, Passo dello Stelvio, Giro d’Italia 1965 (photo: gazzetta.it)

Passo dello Stelvio was first included in the Giro d’Italia route in 1953 and Fausto Coppi was the first rider atop it.

The first Cima Coppi prize, at the 20th stage of the 1965 Giro, won by the Italian rider Graziano Battistini of Vittadello team. The stage finish was planned to be atop Stelvio, but due to an avalanche, the road has been blocked and the riders had to dismount and run with their bikes to the finish line.

The winner of 1965 Giro was the Italian rider Vittorio Adorni of Salvarani team. Before the Stelvio stage, Adorni was 11 minutes 26 seconds ahead of second-place Italo Zilioli, so he raced defensively. Battistini finished the 1965 Giro at 16th place, 32 min 50 sec behind Adorni.

1966: Passo Pordoi (2,239 m / 7,346 ft), Franco Bitossi

Passo Pordoi was included in the 20th stage. It was a 215 kilometers monster stage going over the Pordoi, Falzarego, Tre Croci, Cibiana and Duran passes. The first rider at the summit of Pordoi was Franco Bitossi, the Italian rider of Filotex team. The stage won by Felice Gimondi, the Italian rider of Salvarani team. Just 26 seconds behind Gimondi, Bitossi, Vittorio Adorni (Salvarani), Jacques Anquetil (Ford), Gianni Motta (Molteni), Italo Zilioli (Sanson), Franco Balmamion (Sanson) and Julio Jiménez (Ford) came together.

1966 Giro won by Gianni Motta. Bitossi finished in eighth place, 9 min 24 sec behind Motta.

Fausto Coppi memorial at Passo Pordoi
Built in 1904, Passo Pordoi is in the Dolomites in the Alps, located between the Sella group in the north and the Marmolada group in the south. The pass is at an altitude of 2,239 m (7,346 ft). It was first included in the Giro d’Italia in 1937. It was first used as “Cima Coppi” in the 1966 edition. Where Le Tour’s Alpe d’Huez , one of Le Tour’s major climbs every year, has 21 hairpin bends in the climb, the Passo Pordoi has 27 hairpins in a seemingly endless succession up the mountainside. A memorial to “il campionissimo” Fausto Coppi stands at the summit of the pass. Photo: Italian Cycling Guide

1967: Tre Cime di Lavaredo (2,320 m / 7,612 ft), Felice Gimondi (stage annulled)

1967 Cima Coppi, Tre Cime di Lavaredo, was included in the 19th stage. The difficult climb was at the end of the stage. The weather was dreadful, it was raining most of the day and at the Tre Cime, it started snowing. Wladimiro Panizza, the Italian rider of the Vitadello team was around 3 minutes aead of the peloton at the beginning of the climb. He was an extraordinary climber, and it looked like he was going to win the stage.

But, with two kilometers to go, at the stiffest part of the climb where the gradient is almost fourteen percent (it hits at 18% at one point), the chasing riders, who were exhausted both morally and physically, started hanging on the team cars and being towed up to the summit. Felice Gimondi (Salvarani) was first across the line because, as sportswriter René de Latour (born New York, United States, 30 September 1906, died Quiberon, France, 4 September 1986. He was a Franco-American sports journalist, race director of the Tour de l’Avenir cycle race, and correspondent of the British magazine, Sporting Cyclist) noted, “he had the fastest car”. Outraged, a furious Vincenzo Torriani (race director) wouldn’t let the fraudulent result stand and annulled the stage. La Gazzetta writer Bruno Raschi called it “le montagne del disonore” (the mountains of dishonor).

Gimondi won the 1967 Giro. Wladimiro Panizza finished in 22nd place at 53 min 3 sec.

1968: Tre Cime di Lavaredo (2,320 m / 7,612 ft), Eddy Merckx

Eddy Merckx, Tre Cime di Lavaredo, 1968
Eddy Merckx after winning stage 12 of the 1968 Giro d’Italia atop Tre Cime di Lavaredo. It was rated as one of the most impressive sporting feats in the history of the Giro d’Italia.

Again the “Tre Cime”. This time, the legendary Eddy Merckx (Faema) won the stage, and the Giro.

The main favorites of the 1968 edition were last year’s winner Felice Gimondi (Salvarani), two times runner-up Italo Zilioli (Filotex), Franco Balmamion (Molteni), and 1965 winner Vittorio Adorni (Faema). According to the Italian sports media, Merckx was “a sprinter from Belgium”.

Tre Cime di Lavaredo was included in the 12th stage. The weather was bad that day. There was a breakaway which started with around ten minutes of advantage to the climb. But it would become one of the historical days in the history of the Giro d’Italia: under the bitter rain and snow, Merckx closed a ten-minute gap on a breakaway group to win the stage and seal the first Belgian victory in Giro d’Italia. He was wearing shorts, a short-sleeve jersey, thick gloves and a woolen cap – his photo at the finish was a summary of a dreadful – but glorious day on the bike. The second rider who crossed the finish line atop Tre Cime at 40 seconds to Merckx was Giancarlo Polidori (Pepsi Cola), the only survivor of the original breakaway. At 54 seconds, Adorni finished in third.

22-year-old Eddy Merckx won the 1968 Giro d’Italia. It was his first grand tour victory. Later in his career, he won four more Giri, five Tours, and a Vuelta.

1969: Passo Sella (2,214 m / 7,264 ft), Claudio Michelotto

The Cima Coppi of the 1969 edition was Passo Sella, which was included in the 21st stage, a 131-kilometer short but tough course between Rocco Pietore and Cavalese. The major ascents were Campolongo, Gardena, Sella, Costalunga, and Lavazze. Claudio Michelotto, the Italian rider of Max Meyer Paints team was the first over the final three passes, including Cima Coppi. He won the stage in 4 hr 0 min 22 sec, 1:55 ahead of the eventual winner Felice Gimondi (Salvarani). Michelotto finished this Giro in second, 3 min 35 sec behind Gimondi, his highest placing ever. He also won the mountains classification.

1970: Passo Pordoi (2,239 m / 7,346 ft), Luciano Armani

It was the 20th and the final stage of the 1970 Giro. It was a 155 km stage from Dobbiaco to Bolzano which feature Campolongo, Pordoi, and Sella passes. Luciano Armani, the Italian rider of the SCIC team was the first atop Passo Pordoi. Armani won the stage 2 min 52 sec ahead of the big names including Michele Dancelli (Molteni), Franco Bitossi (Filotex), Giancarlo Polidori (SCIC) and the eventual winner Eddy Merckx (Molteni). He finished this Giro in the 33th, place, 1 hr 10 min 13 sec behind Merckx.

1971: Grossglockner (2,506 m / 8,222 ft), Pierfranco Vianelli

The Cima Coppi of the 1971 edition, Grossglockner was featured in the 17th stage. The major ascents were Galberg Sattel, Felbertauern tunnel, twice up Grossglockner in the 106 km stage between Tarviso and Grossglockner. Stage winner Pierfranco Vianelli (Dreher) was the first atop Grossglockner in the both two ascents.

This edition was won by the Swede Gösta Pettersson (Ferretti). Vianelli finished in fifth, 6 min 41 sec back.

1972: Passo dello Stelvio (2,758 m / 9,049 ft), José Manuel Fuente

José Manuel Fuente climbing Passo dello Stelvio, 1972
José Manuel Fuente (KAS) climbing Passo dello Stelvio, at the 1972 Giro d’Italia. Photo: bikeraceinfo.com

Again the Stelvio, this time full ascent. The monster climb was included in the 17th stage, a 88 km route from Livigno to the top of Passo dello Stelvio. The ascent to Stelvio was from the north (Trafoi side). 20 km from the finish, KAS team’s Spanish rider, José Manuel Fuente, nicknamed “El Tarangu” (which is a word in the Asturian language for a man reputed for his strength and character), attacked.

Fuente was using an unbelievable 54 x 18 gear ratio that day – it has been said that only Fausto Coppi had been able to use such a huge gear on the Stelvio. He crossed the finish line at the top of the Stelvio 32 seconds ahead of his teammate Francisco Galdós and 2 minutes 5 seconds ahead of the eventual winner Eddy Merckx. Merckx retained in pink that day.

Fuente finished in second in the overall classification, 5 min 30 sec behind Merckx. He also won the mountains classification.

1973, Passo di Giau (2,236 m / 7,336 ft), José Manuel Fuente

José Manuel Fuente, Passo di Giau, 1973
José Manuel Fuente (KAS), Passo di Giau, 1973

José Manuel Fuente of KAS team won the prize again. It was at stage 19, a 208 km monster stage from Andalo to Aurozo di Cadore, which include Valles, Santa Lucia, Giau, Tre Croci passes.

Merckx was so dominant during the 1973 race. Before that penultimate stage, Fuente attacked on many stages with no avail, every time Merckx caught and passed him. But this time, his efforts paid back. He took off at the first ascent, Passo Valles, and was never seen again. He won the stage 1 min 6 sec ahead of Francesco Moser (Filotex). At 1 min 8 sec, Ole Ritter came. The big favorites’ group which include the eventual winner Eddy Merckx (Molteni), Felice Gimondi (Bianchi), Enrico Paolini (SCIC), Wladimiro Panizza (G.B.C.), José Pesarrodona (KAS), Gianni Motta (Zonca) and Italo Zilioli (Dreherforte) came home 2 min 38 sec after Fuente.

Eddy Merckx won the 1973 giro 7 min 42 sec ahead of Gimondi. Fuente finished in 8th place, at 26 min 6 sec. The movie named “Stars and Water Carriers” (directed by Jørgen Leth) tells the story of the 1973 Giro d’Italia.

1974: Tre Cime di Lavaredo (2,320 m / 7,612 ft), José Manuel Fuente

José Manuel Fuente climbing Tre Cime di Lavaredo, Giro d'Italia 1974
José Manuel Fuente climbing Tre Cime di Lavaredo, Giro d’Italia 1974

“El Tarangu” again, for a third consecutive time, a feat that no other rider has been able to accomplish to date. Only José Jaime González, the Colombian rider was able to win the prize three times, but he didn’t make it three-in-a-row.

1974 Cima Coppi, the Tre Cime was featured in the 20th stage, a 163 km course from Pordenone to Tre Cime di Lavaredo. Fuente was wearing the maglia rosa until the 14th stage. But at that stage, which was relatively flat, he lost the jersey to Eddy Merckx (Molteni). In the middle of the stage, Giambattista Baronchelli (SCIC) atacked on the Merckx/Fuente group. Shoertly after, Merckx and Felice Gimondi (Bianchi) also took off. Somehow, Fuente missed the decisive move. It was like Contador’s 2012 Vuelta attack on Rodriguez. Fuente lost 10 minutes 19 seconds, with the chance of winning the Giro. After the stage, Fuente said that he forgot to eat, a surprisingly common mistake inside the pro peloton.

But he kept attacking. He won stage 16. At the 20th stage, ten kilometers from the top of tre Cime, Fuente attacked and won the stage.

Eddy Merckx was the overall winner just 12 seconds ahead of Baronchelli (it wasn’t the smallest winning margin, in 1948, Fiorenzo Magni won with 11 seconds over Ezio Cecchi). Fuente was fifth, 3 min 22 sec behind Merckx.

The documentary movie named “The Greatest Show on Earth” (by Michael Pfleghar and Hans Gottschalk) tells the story of the 1974 Giro d’Italia.

Cima Coppi History

The table of Cima Coppi history in Giro d’Italia and cyclist who passed the point first (Elevation in meters).

YEAR CIMA COPPI ELEV RIDER COUNTRY STAGE WINNER OVERALL WINNER
1975 Passo dello Stelvio 2758 Francisco Galdós Spain Flag Spain Francisco Galdós
Spain
Fausto Bertoglio
Italy
1976 Torri del Vajolet 2400 Andrés Gandarias Spain Flag Spain Andrés Gandarias
Spain
Felice Gimondi
Italy
1977 Valparola 2200 Faustino Fernández Ovies Spain Flag Spain Gianbattista Baronchelli
Italy
Michel Pollentier
Belgium
1978 Passo Valles 2033 Gianbattista Baronchelli Italy Flag Italy Gianbattista Baronchelli
Italy
Johan De Muynck
Belgium
1979 Passo Pordoi 2239 Leonardo Natale Italy Flag Italy Francesco Moser
Italy
Giuseppe Saronni
Italy
1980 Passo dello Stelvio 2758 Jean-René Bernaudeau France Flag France Jean-René Bernaudeau
France
Bernard Hinault
France
1981 Tre Cime di Lavaredo 2304 Beat Breu Switzerland Flag Switzerland Beat Breu
Switzerland
Giovanni Battaglin
Italy
1982 Col d’Izoard 2361 Lucien Van Impe Belgium Flag Belgium Giuseppe Saronni
Italy
Bernard Hinault
France
1983 Passo Pordoi 2239 Marino Lejarreta Spain Flag Spain Alessandro Paganessi
Italy
Giuseppe Saronni
Italy
1984 Passo Pordoi 2239 Laurent Fignon France Flag France Laurent Fignon
France
Francesco Moser
Italy
1985 Passo del Sempione 2005 Reynel Montoya Colombia Flag Colombia Francesco Moser
Italy
Bernard Hinault
France
1986 Passo Pordoi 2239 Pedro Muñoz Spain Flag Spain Johan van der Velde
Netherlands
Roberto Visentini
Italy
1987 Passo Pordoi 2239 Jean-Claude Bagot France Flag France Jean-Claude Bagot
France
Stephen Roche
Ireland
1988 Passo dello Stelvio 2758 [2] Andrew Hampsten
USA
1989 Passo di Gavia 2621 [3] Laurent Fignon
France
1990 Passo Pordoi
1st pass
2239 Maurizio Vandelli Italy Flag Italy Charly Mottet
France
Gianni Bugno
Italy
1990 Passo Pordoi
2nd pass
2239 Charly Mottet France Flag France Charly Mottet
France
Gianni Bugno
Italy
1991 Passo Pordoi
1st pass
2239 Franco Vona Italy Flag Italy Franco Chioccioli
Italy
Franco Chioccioli
Italy
1991 Passo Pordoi
2nd pass
2239 Franco Chioccioli Italy Flag Italy Franco Chioccioli
Italy
Franco Chioccioli
Italy
1992 Passo Pordoi 2239 Claudio Chiappucci Italy Flag Italy Franco Chioccioli
Italy
Miguel Indurain
Spain
1993 Passo Pordoi 2239 Miguel Indurain Spain Flag Spain Claudio Chiappucci
Italy
Miguel Indurain
Spain
1994 Passo dello Stelvio 2758 Franco Vona Italy Flag Italy Marco Pantani
Italy
Evgeni Berzin
Russia
1995 Colle dell’Agnello 2744 [2] Tony Rominger
Switzerland
1996 Passo di Gavia 2621 Hernan Buenahora Colombia Flag Colombia Ivan Gotti
Italy
Pavel Tonkov
Russia
1997 Passo Pordoi 2239 José Jaime González Colombia Flag Colombia José Luis Rubiera
Spain
Ivan Gotti
Italy
1998 Passo Sella 2214 Marco Pantani Italy Flag Italy Giuseppe Guerini
Italy
Marco Pantani
Italy
1999 Passo di Gavia 2621 José Jaime González Colombia Flag Colombia Roberto Heras Hernández
Spain
Ivan Gotti
Italy
2000 Colle dell’Agnello 2744 José Jaime González Colombia Flag Colombia Paolo Lanfranchi
Italy
Stefano Garzelli
Italy
2001 Colle Fauniera 2511 [4] Gilberto Simoni
Italy
2002 Passo Pordoi 2239 Julio Alberto Pérez Cuapio Mexico Flag Mexico Julio Alberto Pérez Cuapio
Mexico
Paolo Savoldelli
Italy
2003 Colle d’Esischie 2366 Fredy González Colombia Flag Colombia Dario Frigo
Italy
Gilberto Simoni
Italy
2004 Passo di Gavia 2621 Vladimir Miholjević Croatia Flag Croatia Damiano Cunego
Italy
Damiano Cunego
Italy
2005 Passo dello Stelvio 2758 José Rujano Venezuela Flag Venezuela Iván Parra
Colombia
Paolo Savoldelli
Italy
2006 Passo di Gavia 2621 Juan Manuel Gárate Spain Flag Spain Ivan Basso
Italy
Ivan Basso
Italy
2007 Colle dell’Agnello 2744 Yoann Le Boulanger France Flag France Danilo Di Luca
Italy
Danilo Di Luca
Italy
2008 Passo di Gavia 2621 Julio Alberto Pérez Cuapio Mexico Flag Mexico Emanuele Sella, Italy Alberto Contador, Spain
2009 Colle del Sestriere 2035 Stefano Garzelli Italy Flag Italy Danilo Di Luca
Italy
Denis Menchov
Russia
2010 Passo di Gavia 2618 Johann Tschopp Switzerland Flag Switzerland Johann Tschopp
Switzerland
Ivan Basso
Italy
2011 Passo di Giau 2236 Stefano Garzelli Italy Flag Italy Mikel Nieve Iturralde
Spain
Michele Scarponi
Italy
2012 Passo dello Stelvio 2758 Thomas de Gendt Belgium Flag Belgium Thomas de Gendt
Belgium
Ryder Hesjedal
Canada
2013 Passo dello Stelvio Tre Cime di Lavaredo 2758 2304[5] Vincenzo Nibali Italy Flag Italy Vincenzo Nibali, Italy Vincenzo Nibali, Italy
2014 Passo dello Stelvio 2758 Dario Cataldo Italy Flag Italy Nairo Quintana, Colombia Nairo Quintana, Colombia
2015 Colle delle Finestre 2178  Mikel Landa Spain Flag Spain Fabio Aru, Italy  Alberto Contador, Spain
2016 Colle dell’Agnello 2744 Michele Scarponi Italy Flag Italy Vincenzo Nibali, Italy Vincenzo Nibali, Italy
2017 Passo dello Stelvio 2758 Mikel Landa Spain Flag Spain Vincenzo Nibali, Italy

In 1965, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1984, 1987, 1990, 1991, 2002, 2010, 2012, 2013 who passed the Cima Coppi first was also the stage winner (in another way, in 1966, 1967, 1977, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1986, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2015, 2016 who passed the Cima Coppi first was not the stage winner).  In 1967, 1993 and 1998, who passed the Cima Coppi first was also the overall winner (1967 Felice Gimondi of Italy, stage canceled due to bad weather, 1993 Miguel Indurain of Spain, stage won by Claudio Chiappucci of Italy, 1998 Marco Pantani of Italy, stage won by Giuseppe Guerini of Italy). In 1968, 1991 and 2013, who passed the Cima Coppi first was also both the stage and overall winner (1968 Eddy Merckx of Belgium, 1991 Franco Chioccioli of Italy, 2013 Vincenzo Nibali of Italy).

NOTES

  1. Offset 800 m from the brow, due to avalanche.
  2. Unscaled because of snow.
  3. Stage canceled due to bad weather.
  4. Stage cancelled due to protests.
  5. The Passo dello Stelvio was planned as Cima Coppi, but the stage has been canceled due to bad weather.

Sources