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Tour de France Winner Groupsets, Year by Year

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Tour de France is the world’s most popular and prestigious bicycle race. Wining “the Tour” is a great victory for cyclists, as well as groupset producers. Here are the Tour de France Winner Groupsets, since 1937, year by year:
The derailleur system was introduced to the Tour de France in 1937, allowing riders to change gears without having to remove wheels. Previously, riders would have to dismount in order to change their wheel from downhill to uphill mode. Derailleurs did not become common road racing equipment until 1938 when Simplex introduced a cable-shifted derailleur.

Why so late?

Henri Desgrange
Henri Desgrange (31 January 1865, Paris – 16 August 1940, Beauvallon) was a French bicycle racer and sports journalist. He set 12 world track cycling records, including the hour record of 35.325 kilometers on 11 May 1893. He was the first organizer of the Tour de France. He was the “patron” of the Tour until 1936.

Gear changing systems already existed before 1937. But, Tour de France organizer Henri Desgrange has had strict rules. Once he said that his ideal race would be so hard that only one rider would make it to Paris.

Desgrange was also a traditionalist with equipment. Until 1930 he demanded that riders mend their bicycles without help and that they use the same bicycle from start to end. Exchanging a damaged bicycle for another was allowed only in 1923. Desgrange stood against the use of multiple gears and for many years insisted riders use wooden rims, fearing the heat of braking while coming down mountains would melt the glue that held the tires on metal rims (they were finally allowed in 1937, after Desgrange retired from organizing the Tour de France).

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“I still feel that variable gears are only for people over forty-five. Isn’t it better to triumph by the strength of your muscles than by the artifice of a derailleur? We are getting soft. Come on, fellows. Let’s say that the test was a fine demonstration–for our grandparents! As for me, give me a fixed gear!” — Henri Desgrange

Roger Lapébie’s 1937 Tour de France victory was controversial as he was the first rider to complete the race using a modern derailleur. This gave him the advantage of shifting gears without having to stop, dismount and flip the wheel as was customary of racing bicycles used at the time.

Gino Bartali's Tour de France 1938 winner bike
Gino Bartali’s Tour de France 1938 winner bike – a Legnano equipped with Vittoria Margherita groupset.

Unlike the Tour, the derailleurs were allowed in the Giro d’Italia. The great Italian rider, five-time Giro winner and the first UCI World Champion, Alfredo Binda also used the Vittoria gear changer while winning his third UCI World Championship in Rome in 1932. From 1935 and on, Vittoria systems called Vittoria Margherita. They had a rod-controlled pusher on the chainstay that would move the chain while the rider backpedaled.

YEAR

GROUPSET

WINNER

AVG. SPEED (Kmh/Mph)

1937

Super Champion

Roger Lapébie (France)

31.8 / 19.9

1938

Vittoria Margherita

Gino Bartali (Italy)

31.6 / 19.7

1939

Super Champion (2)

Sylvère Maes (Belgium) (2)

32.0 / 20.0

1940

NO RACE[1]

1941

NO RACE

1942

NO RACE

1943

NO RACE

1944

NO RACE

1945

NO RACE

1946

Campagnolo[2]

Apo Lazarides (France)[2]

? / ?

1947

Simplex

Jean Robic (France)

31.4 / 19.6

1948

Campagnolo (2)

Gino Bartali (Italy) (2)

33.4 / 20.9

1949

Simplex (2)

Fausto Coppi (Italy)

32.1 / 20.1

1950

Simplex (3)

Ferdinand Kübler (Switzerland)

32.8 / 20.5

1951

Campagnolo (3)

Hugo Koblet (Switzerland)

32.9 / 20.6

1952

Campagnolo (4)

Fausto Coppi (Italy) (2)

32.2 / 20.1

1953

Huret

Louison Bobet (France)

34.6 / 21.6

1954

Huret (2)

Louison Bobet (France) (2)

33.2 / 20.8

1955

Huret (3)

Louison Bobet (France) (3)

34.4 / 21.5

1956

Campagnolo (5)

Roger Walkowiak (France)

36.3 / 22.7

1957

Simplex (4)

Jacques Anquetil (France)

34.5 / 21.6

1958

Campagnolo (6)

Charly Gaul (Luxembourg)

36.9 / 23.1

1959

Campagnolo (7)

Federico Bahamontes (Spain)

35.5 / 22.2

1960

Campagnolo (8)

Gastone Nencini (Italy)

37.2 / 23.3

1961

Simplex (5)

Jacques Anquetil (France) (2)

36.0 / 22.5

1962

Simplex (6)

Jacques Anquetil (France) (3)

37.3 / 23.3

1963

Campagnolo (9)

Jacques Anquetil (France) (4)

37.1 / 23.2

1964

Campagnolo (10)

Jacques Anquetil (France) (5)

35.4 / 22.1

1965

Campagnolo (11)

Felice Gimondi (Italy)

35.9 / 22.4

1966

Campagnolo (12)

Lucien Aimar (France)

36.8 / 23.0

1967

Simplex (7)

Roger Pingeon (France)

34.8 / 21.7

1968

Campagnolo (13)

Jan Janssen (Netherlands)

33.6 / 21.0

1969

Campagnolo (14)

Eddy Merckx (Belgium)

35.4 / 22.1

1970

Campagnolo (15)

Eddy Merckx (Belgium) (2)

35.6 / 22.2

1971

Campagnolo (16)

Eddy Merckx (Belgium) (3)

38.1 / 23.8

1972

Campagnolo (17)

Eddy Merckx (Belgium) (4)

35.5 / 22.2

1973

Campagnolo (18)

Luis Ocaña (Spain)

33.4 / 20.9

1974

Campagnolo (19)

Eddy Merckx (Belgium) (5)

35.2 / 22.0

1975

Simplex (8)

Bernard Thévenet (France)

34.9 / 21.8

1976

Campagnolo (20)

Lucien Van Impe (Belgium)

34.5 / 21.6

1977

Simplex (9)

Bernard Thévenet (France) (2)

35.4 / 22.1

1978

Campagnolo (21)

Bernard Hinault (France)

36.1 / 22.6

1979

Campagnolo (22)

Bernard Hinault (France) (2)

36.5 / 22.8

1980

Campagnolo (23)

Joop Zoetemelk (Netherlands)

35.1 / 22.0

1981

Campagnolo (24)

Bernard Hinault (France) (3)

39.0 / 24.4

1982

Campagnolo (25)

Bernard Hinault (France) (4)

38.1 / 23.8

1983

Simplex (10)

Laurent Fignon (France)

36.2 / 22.6

1984

Campagnolo (26)

Laurent Fignon (France) (2)

35.9 / 22.4

1985

Campagnolo (27)

Bernard Hinault (France) (5)

36.2 / 22.6

1986

Campagnolo (28)

Greg LeMond (USA)

37.0 / 23.1

1987

Campagnolo (29)

Stephen Roche (Ireland)

36.6 / 22.9

1988

Campagnolo (30)

Pedro Delgado (Spain)

38.9 / 24.3

1989

Mavic

Greg LeMond (USA) (2)

37.5 / 23.4

1990

Campagnolo (31)

Greg LeMond (USA) (3)

38.6 / 24.1

1991

Campagnolo (32)

Miguel Indurain (Spain)

38.7 / 24.2

1992

Campagnolo (33)

Miguel Indurain (Spain) (2)

39.5 / 24.7

1993

Campagnolo (34)

Miguel Indurain (Spain) (3)

38.7 / 24.2

1994

Campagnolo (35)

Miguel Indurain (Spain) (4)

38.4 / 24.0

1995

Campagnolo (36)

Miguel Indurain (Spain) (5)

39.2 / 24.5

1996

Campagnolo (37)

Bjarne Riis (Denmark)

39.2 / 24.5

1997

Campagnolo (38)

Jan Ullrich (Germany)

39.2 / 24.5

1998

Campagnolo (39)

Marco Pantani (Italy)

40.0 / 25.0

1999

NO WINNER[3]

40.3 / 25.2

2000

NO WINNER

39.6 / 24.7

2001

NO WINNER

40.1 / 25.0

2002

NO WINNER

39.9 / 25.0

2003

NO WINNER

40.9 / 25.6

2004

NO WINNER

40.6 / 25.3

2005

NO WINNER

41.7 / 26.0

2006

Campagnolo (40)

Óscar Pereiro (Spain)

40.8 / 25.5

2007

Shimano

Alberto Contador (Spain)

39.2 / 24.5

2008

Shimano (2)

Carlos Sastre (Spain)

40.5 / 25.3

2009

SRAM

Alberto Contador (Spain) (2)

40.3 / 25.2

2010

SRAM (2)

Andy Schleck (Luxembourg)

39.6 / 24.7

2011

Shimano (3)

Cadel Evans (Australia)

39.8 / 24.9

2012

Shimano (4)

Bradley Wiggins (Great Britain)

40.4 / 25.1

2013

Shimano (5)

Chris Froome (Great Britain)

40.9 / 25.6

2014

Campagnolo (41)

Vincenzo Nibali (Italy)

40.7 / 25.3

2015

Shimano (6)

Chris Froome (Great Britain) (2)

38.6 / 24.1

2016

Shimano (7)

Chris Froome (Great Britain) (3)

39.6 / 24.7

Overall

VICTORY

GROUPSET

COUNTRY

LOGO

41

Campagnolo[4]

Italy

Campagnolo logo

10

Simplex

France

Simplex logo

7

Shimano[5]

Japan

Shimano logo

3

Huret

France

Huret logo

2

SRAM

USA

SRAM logo

2

Super Champion

France

Super Champion logo

1

Mavic

France

Mavic logo

1

Vittoria Margherita

Italy

Vittoria Margherita logo
Roger Lapébie's (Mercier-Hutchinson) Tour de France 1937 winner bike
Roger Lapébie’s (Mercier-Hutchinson) Tour de France 1937 winner bike – a Mercier equipped with Super Champion groupset
Gino Bartali's Tour de France 1938 winner bike
Gino Bartali’s (Legnano) Tour de France 1938 winner bike – a Legnano equipped with Vittoria Margherita groupset
Jean Robic's Tour de France 1947 winner bike
Jean Robic’s (Génial Lucifer-Hutchinson) Tour de France 1947 winner bike – a Génial Lucifer equipped with Simplex groupset
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Gino Bartali's Tour de France 1948 winner bike
Gino Bartali (Legnano) shifting the Campagnolo Cambio Corsa during his 1948 Tour de France win. A Legnano equipped with Campagnolo Cambio Corsa groupset.
Louison Bobet's Tour de France 1953 winner bike
Louison Bobet riding his Stella bike (Stella badged but constructed by Camille Daudon) during 1953 Tour de France. Equipped with Huret groupset.
Greg LeMond's Tour de France 1989 winner Bottecchia
Greg LeMond’s (ADR) Tour de France 1989 winner Bottecchia – equipped with Mavic groupset
Alberto Contador at 2007 Tour de France
Alberto Contador (Discovery Channel) riding his Trek bike during 2007 Tour de France. Equipped with Shimano Dura-Ace groupset.
Alberto Contador at 2009 Tour de France
Alberto Contador (Astana) riding his Trek Madone on Mont Ventoux climb during 2009 Tour de France. Equipped with SRAM Red groupset.

NOTES

  1. Second World War
  2. The Course du Tour de France (English: Race of the Tour of France), also known as Monaco–Paris was organised in 1946 by Le Parisien Libéré together with l’Equipe. The race had many things familiar to the old Tours de France: there were six national teams and five regional French teams, and the leader in the race was also given a yellow jersey. The race was won by French cyclist Apo Lazarides.
  3. Lance Armstrong years
  4. If we exclude 1946 “Monaco–Paris”, Campagnolo has 40 Tour de France victories.
  5. Lance Armstrong has been stripped of his seven Tour de France victories. He was using Shimano groupset.

Sources

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