Pinarello Dogma F8 rear derailleur

Tour de France Winner Groupsets, Year by Year

Tour de France is the world’s most popular and prestigious bicycle race. Wining “the Tour” is a great victory for cyclists, as well as groupset producers. Here are the Tour de France Winner Groupsets, since 1937, year by year:

The derailleur system was introduced to the Tour de France in 1937, allowing riders to change gears without having to remove wheels. Previously, riders would have to dismount in order to change their wheel from downhill to uphill mode. Derailleurs did not become common road racing equipment until 1938 when Simplex introduced a cable-shifted derailleur.

Why so late?

Henri Desgrange
Henri Desgrange (31 January 1865, Paris – 16 August 1940, Beauvallon) was a French bicycle racer and sports journalist. He set 12 world track cycling records, including the hour record of 35.325 kilometers on 11 May 1893. He was the first organizer of the Tour de France. He was the “patron” of the Tour until 1936.

Gear changing systems already existed before 1937. But, Tour de France organizer Henri Desgrange has had strict rules. Once he said that his ideal race would be so hard that only one rider would make it to Paris.

Desgrange was also a traditionalist with equipment. Until 1930 he demanded that riders mend their bicycles without help and that they use the same bicycle from start to end. Exchanging a damaged bicycle for another was allowed only in 1923. Desgrange stood against the use of multiple gears and for many years insisted riders use wooden rims, fearing the heat of braking while coming down mountains would melt the glue that held the tires on metal rims (they were finally allowed in 1937, after Desgrange retired from organizing the Tour de France).

“I still feel that variable gears are only for people over forty-five. Isn’t it better to triumph by the strength of your muscles than by the artifice of a derailleur? We are getting soft. Come on, fellows. Let’s say that the test was a fine demonstration–for our grandparents! As for me, give me a fixed gear!” — Henri Desgrange

Gino Bartali's Tour de France 1938 winner bike
Gino Bartali’s Tour de France 1938 winner bike – a Legnano equipped with Vittoria Margherita groupset.

Unlike the Tour, the derailleurs were allowed in the Giro d’Italia. The great Italian rider, five-time Giro winner and the first UCI World Champion, Alfredo Binda also used the Vittoria gear changer while winning his third UCI World Championship in Rome in 1932. From 1935 and on, Vittoria systems called Vittoria Margherita. They had a rod-controlled pusher on the chainstay that would move the chain while the rider backpedaled.

YEAR GROUPSET WINNER AVG. SPEED (Kmh/Mph)
1937 Super Champion Roger Lapébie (France) 31.8 / 19.9
1938 Vittoria Margherita Gino Bartali (Italy) 31.6 / 19.7
1939 Super Champion (2) Sylvère Maes (Belgium) (2) 32.0 / 20.0
1940 NO RACE[1]
1941 NO RACE
1942 NO RACE
1943 NO RACE
1944 NO RACE
1945 NO RACE
1946 Campagnolo[2] Apo Lazarides (France)[2] ? / ?
1947 Simplex Jean Robic (France) 31.4 / 19.6
1948 Campagnolo (2) Gino Bartali (Italy) (2) 33.4 / 20.9
1949 Simplex (2) Fausto Coppi (Italy) 32.1 / 20.1
1950 Simplex (3) Ferdinand Kübler (Switzerland) 32.8 / 20.5
1951 Campagnolo (3) Hugo Koblet (Switzerland) 32.9 / 20.6
1952 Campagnolo (4) Fausto Coppi (Italy) (2) 32.2 / 20.1
1953 Huret Louison Bobet (France) 34.6 / 21.6
1954 Huret (2) Louison Bobet (France) (2) 33.2 / 20.8
1955 Huret (3) Louison Bobet (France) (3) 34.4 / 21.5
1956 Campagnolo (5) Roger Walkowiak (France) 36.3 / 22.7
1957 Simplex (4) Jacques Anquetil (France) 34.5 / 21.6
1958 Campagnolo (6) Charly Gaul (Luxembourg) 36.9 / 23.1
1959 Campagnolo (7) Federico Bahamontes (Spain) 35.5 / 22.2
1960 Campagnolo (8) Gastone Nencini (Italy) 37.2 / 23.3
1961 Simplex (5) Jacques Anquetil (France) (2) 36.0 / 22.5
1962 Simplex (6) Jacques Anquetil (France) (3) 37.3 / 23.3
1963 Campagnolo (9) Jacques Anquetil (France) (4) 37.1 / 23.2
1964 Campagnolo (10) Jacques Anquetil (France) (5) 35.4 / 22.1
1965 Campagnolo (11) Felice Gimondi (Italy) 35.9 / 22.4
1966 Campagnolo (12) Lucien Aimar (France) 36.8 / 23.0
1967 Simplex (7) Roger Pingeon (France) 34.8 / 21.7
1968 Campagnolo (13) Jan Janssen (Netherlands) 33.6 / 21.0
1969 Campagnolo (14) Eddy Merckx (Belgium) 35.4 / 22.1
1970 Campagnolo (15) Eddy Merckx (Belgium) (2) 35.6 / 22.2
1971 Campagnolo (16) Eddy Merckx (Belgium) (3) 38.1 / 23.8
1972 Campagnolo (17) Eddy Merckx (Belgium) (4) 35.5 / 22.2
1973 Campagnolo (18) Luis Ocaña (Spain) 33.4 / 20.9
1974 Campagnolo (19) Eddy Merckx (Belgium) (5) 35.2 / 22.0
1975 Simplex (8) Bernard Thévenet (France) 34.9 / 21.8
1976 Campagnolo (20) Lucien Van Impe (Belgium) 34.5 / 21.6
1977 Simplex (9) Bernard Thévenet (France) (2) 35.4 / 22.1
1978 Campagnolo (21) Bernard Hinault (France) 36.1 / 22.6
1979 Campagnolo (22) Bernard Hinault (France) (2) 36.5 / 22.8
1980 Campagnolo (23) Joop Zoetemelk (Netherlands) 35.1 / 22.0
1981 Campagnolo (24) Bernard Hinault (France) (3) 39.0 / 24.4
1982 Campagnolo (25) Bernard Hinault (France) (4) 38.1 / 23.8
1983 Simplex (10) Laurent Fignon (France) 36.2 / 22.6
1984 Campagnolo (26) Laurent Fignon (France) (2) 35.9 / 22.4
1985 Campagnolo (27) Bernard Hinault (France) (5) 36.2 / 22.6
1986 Campagnolo (28) Greg LeMond (USA) 37.0 / 23.1
1987 Campagnolo (29) Stephen Roche (Ireland) 36.6 / 22.9
1988 Campagnolo (30) Pedro Delgado (Spain) 38.9 / 24.3
1989 Mavic Greg LeMond (USA) (2) 37.5 / 23.4
1990 Campagnolo (31) Greg LeMond (USA) (3) 38.6 / 24.1
1991 Campagnolo (32) Miguel Indurain (Spain) 38.7 / 24.2
1992 Campagnolo (33) Miguel Indurain (Spain) (2) 39.5 / 24.7
1993 Campagnolo (34) Miguel Indurain (Spain) (3) 38.7 / 24.2
1994 Campagnolo (35) Miguel Indurain (Spain) (4) 38.4 / 24.0
1995 Campagnolo (36) Miguel Indurain (Spain) (5) 39.2 / 24.5
1996 Campagnolo (37) Bjarne Riis (Denmark) 39.2 / 24.5
1997 Campagnolo (38) Jan Ullrich (Germany) 39.2 / 24.5
1998 Campagnolo (39) Marco Pantani (Italy) 40.0 / 25.0
1999 NO WINNER[3] 40.3 / 25.2
2000 NO WINNER 39.6 / 24.7
2001 NO WINNER 40.1 / 25.0
2002 NO WINNER 39.9 / 25.0
2003 NO WINNER 40.9 / 25.6
2004 NO WINNER 40.6 / 25.3
2005 NO WINNER 41.7 / 26.0
2006 Campagnolo (40) Óscar Pereiro (Spain) 40.8 / 25.5
2007 Shimano Alberto Contador (Spain) 39.2 / 24.5
2008 Shimano (2) Carlos Sastre (Spain) 40.5 / 25.3
2009 SRAM Alberto Contador (Spain) (2) 40.3 / 25.2
2010 SRAM (2) Andy Schleck (Luxembourg) 39.6 / 24.7
2011 Shimano (3) Cadel Evans (Australia) 39.8 / 24.9
2012 Shimano (4) Bradley Wiggins (Great Britain) 40.4 / 25.1
2013 Shimano (5) Chris Froome (Great Britain) 40.9 / 25.6
2014 Campagnolo (41) Vincenzo Nibali (Italy) 40.7 / 25.3
2015 Shimano (6) Chris Froome (Great Britain) (2) 38.6 / 24.1
2016 Shimano (7) Chris Froome (Great Britain) (3) 39.6 / 24.7

Overall

VICTORY GROUPSET COUNTRY LOGO
41 Campagnolo[4] Italy Campagnolo logo
10 Simplex France Simplex logo
7 Shimano[5] Japan Shimano logo
3 Huret France Huret logo
2 SRAM USA SRAM logo
2 Super Champion France Super Champion logo
1 Mavic France Mavic logo
1 Vittoria Margherita Italy Vittoria Margherita logo
Roger Lapébie's (Mercier-Hutchinson) Tour de France 1937 winner bike
Roger Lapébie’s (Mercier-Hutchinson) Tour de France 1937 winner bike – a Mercier equipped with Super Champion groupset
Gino Bartali's Tour de France 1938 winner bike
Gino Bartali’s (Legnano) Tour de France 1938 winner bike – a Legnano equipped with Vittoria Margherita groupset
Jean Robic's Tour de France 1947 winner bike
Jean Robic’s (Génial Lucifer-Hutchinson) Tour de France 1947 winner bike – a Génial Lucifer equipped with Simplex groupset
Gino Bartali's Tour de France 1948 winner bike
Gino Bartali (Legnano) shifting the Campagnolo Cambio Corsa during his 1948 Tour de France win. A Legnano equipped with Campagnolo Cambio Corsa groupset.
Louison Bobet's Tour de France 1953 winner bike
Louison Bobet riding his Stella bike (Stella badged but constructed by Camille Daudon) during 1953 Tour de France. Equipped with Huret groupset.
Greg LeMond's Tour de France 1989 winner Bottecchia
Greg LeMond’s (ADR) Tour de France 1989 winner Bottecchia – equipped with Mavic groupset
Alberto Contador at 2007 Tour de France
Alberto Contador (Discovery Channel) riding his Trek bike during 2007 Tour de France. Equipped with Shimano Dura-Ace groupset.
Alberto Contador at 2009 Tour de France
Alberto Contador (Astana) riding his Trek Madone on Mont Ventoux climb during 2009 Tour de France. Equipped with SRAM Red groupset.

NOTES

  1. Second World War
  2. The Course du Tour de France (English: Race of the Tour of France), also known as Monaco–Paris was organised in 1946 by Le Parisien Libéré together with l’Equipe. The race had many things familiar to the old Tours de France: there were six national teams and five regional French teams, and the leader in the race was also given a yellow jersey. The race was won by French cyclist Apo Lazarides.
  3. Lance Armstrong years
  4. If we exclude 1946 “Monaco–Paris”, Campagnolo has 40 Tour de France victories.
  5. Lance Armstrong has been stripped of his seven Tour de France victories. He was using Shimano groupset.

Sources

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