Tour de France Winner Groupsets, Year by Year

Tour de France is the world’s most popular and prestigious bicycle race. Wining “the Tour” is a great victory for cyclists, as well as groupset producers. Here are the Tour de France Winner Groupsets, since 1937, year by year:

The derailleur system was introduced to the Tour de France in 1937, allowing riders to change gears without having to remove wheels. Previously, riders would have to dismount in order to change their wheel from downhill to uphill mode. Derailleurs did not become common road racing equipment until 1938 when Simplex introduced a cable-shifted derailleur.

Why so late?

Henri Desgrange
Henri Desgrange (31 January 1865, Paris – 16 August 1940, Beauvallon) was a French bicycle racer and sports journalist. He set 12 world track cycling records, including the hour record of 35.325 kilometers on 11 May 1893. He was the first organizer of the Tour de France. He was the “patron” of the Tour until 1936.

Gear changing systems already existed before 1937. But, Tour de France organizer Henri Desgrange has had strict rules. Once he said that his ideal race would be so hard that only one rider would make it to Paris.

Desgrange was also a traditionalist with equipment. Until 1930 he demanded that riders mend their bicycles without help and that they use the same bicycle from start to end. Exchanging a damaged bicycle for another was allowed only in 1923. Desgrange stood against the use of multiple gears and for many years insisted riders use wooden rims, fearing the heat of braking while coming down mountains would melt the glue that held the tires on metal rims (they were finally allowed in 1937, after Desgrange retired from organizing the Tour de France).

“I still feel that variable gears are only for people over forty-five. Isn’t it better to triumph by the strength of your muscles than by the artifice of a derailleur? We are getting soft. Come on, fellows. Let’s say that the test was a fine demonstration–for our grandparents! As for me, give me a fixed gear!” — Henri Desgrange

Roger Lapébie’s 1937 Tour de France victory was controversial as he was the first rider to complete the race using a modern derailleur. This gave him the advantage of shifting gears without having to stop, dismount and flip the wheel as was customary of racing bicycles used at the time.

Gino Bartali's Tour de France 1938 winner bike
Gino Bartali’s Tour de France 1938 winner bike – a Legnano equipped with Vittoria Margherita groupset.

Unlike the Tour, the derailleurs were allowed in the Giro d’Italia. The great Italian rider, five-time Giro winner and the first UCI World Champion, Alfredo Binda also used the Vittoria gear changer while winning his third UCI World Championship in Rome in 1932. From 1935 and on, Vittoria systems called Vittoria Margherita. They had a rod-controlled pusher on the chainstay that would move the chain while the rider backpedaled.

Tour de France Winner Groupsets, since 1937, year by year

YEAR: GROUPSET – WINNER (COUNTRY) – AVERAGE SPEED (km/h / Mph)

1937: Super Champion – Roger Lapébie (France) – 31.8 / 19.9
1938: Vittoria Margherita – Gino Bartali (Italy) – 31.6 / 19.7
1939: Super Champion (2) – Sylvère Maes (Belgium) (2) – 32.0 / 20.0
1940: NO RACEnotes 1
1941: NO RACE
1942: NO RACE
1943: NO RACE
1944: NO RACE
1945: NO RACE
1946: Campagnolonotes 2 – Apo Lazarides (France)notes 2 – ? / ?
1947: Simplex – Jean Robic (France) – 31.4 / 19.6
1948: Campagnolo (2) – Gino Bartali (Italy) (2) – 33.4 / 20.9
1949: Simplex (2) – Fausto Coppi (Italy) – 32.1 / 20.1
1950: Simplex (3) – Ferdinand Kübler (Switzerland) – 32.8 / 20.5
1951: Campagnolo (3) – Hugo Koblet (Switzerland) – 32.9 / 20.6
1952: Campagnolo (4) – Fausto Coppi (Italy) (2) – 32.2 / 20.1
1953: Huret – Louison Bobet (France) – 34.6 / 21.6
1954: Huret (2) – Louison Bobet (France) (2) – 33.2 / 20.8
1955: Huret (3) – Louison Bobet (France) (3) – 34.4 / 21.5
1956: Campagnolo (5) – Roger Walkowiak (France) – 36.3 / 22.7
1957: Simplex (4) – Jacques Anquetil (France) – 34.5 / 21.6
1958: Campagnolo (6) – Charly Gaul (Luxembourg) – 36.9 / 23.1
1959: Campagnolo (7) – Federico Bahamontes (Spain) – 35.5 / 22.2
1960: Campagnolo (8) – Gastone Nencini (Italy) – 37.2 / 23.3
1961: Simplex (5) – Jacques Anquetil (France) (2) – 36.0 / 22.5
1962: Simplex (6) – Jacques Anquetil (France) (3) – 37.3 / 23.3
1963: Campagnolo (9) – Jacques Anquetil (France) (4) – 37.1 / 23.2
1964: Campagnolo (10) – Jacques Anquetil (France) (5) – 35.4 / 22.1
1965: Campagnolo (11) – Felice Gimondi (Italy) – 35.9 / 22.4
1966: Campagnolo (12) – Lucien Aimar (France) – 36.8 / 23.0
1967: Simplex (7) – Roger Pingeon (France) – 34.8 / 21.7
1968: Campagnolo (13) – Jan Janssen (Netherlands) – 33.6 / 21.0
1969: Campagnolo (14) – Eddy Merckx (Belgium) – 35.4 / 22.1
1970: Campagnolo (15) – Eddy Merckx (Belgium) (2) – 35.6 / 22.2
1971: Campagnolo (16) – Eddy Merckx (Belgium) (3) – 38.1 / 23.8
1972: Campagnolo (17) – Eddy Merckx (Belgium) (4) – 35.5 / 22.2
1973: Campagnolo (18) – Luis Ocaña (Spain) – 33.4 / 20.9
1974: Campagnolo (19) – Eddy Merckx (Belgium) (5) – 35.2 / 22.0
1975: Simplex (8) – Bernard Thévenet (France) – 34.9 / 21.8
1976: Campagnolo (20) – Lucien Van Impe (Belgium) – 34.5 / 21.6
1977: Simplex (9) – Bernard Thévenet (France) (2) – 35.4 / 22.1
1978: Campagnolo (21) – Bernard Hinault (France) – 36.1 / 22.6
1979: Campagnolo (22) – Bernard Hinault (France) (2) – 36.5 / 22.8
1980: Campagnolo (23) – Joop Zoetemelk (Netherlands) – 35.1 / 22.0
1981: Campagnolo (24) – Bernard Hinault (France) (3) – 39.0 / 24.4
1982: Campagnolo (25) – Bernard Hinault (France) (4) – 38.1 / 23.8
1983: Simplex (10) – Laurent Fignon (France) – 36.2 / 22.6
1984: Campagnolo (26) – Laurent Fignon (France) (2) – 35.9 / 22.4
1985: Campagnolo (27) – Bernard Hinault (France) (5) – 36.2 / 22.6
1986: Campagnolo (28) – Greg LeMond (USA) – 37.0 / 23.1
1987: Campagnolo (29) – Stephen Roche (Ireland) – 36.6 / 22.9
1988: Campagnolo (30) – Pedro Delgado (Spain) – 38.9 / 24.3
1989: Mavic – Greg LeMond (USA) (2) – 37.5 / 23.4
1990: Campagnolo (31) – Greg LeMond (USA) (3) – 38.6 / 24.1
1991: Campagnolo (32) – Miguel Indurain (Spain) – 38.7 / 24.2
1992: Campagnolo (33) – Miguel Indurain (Spain) (2) – 39.5 / 24.7
1993: Campagnolo (34) – Miguel Indurain (Spain) (3) – 38.7 / 24.2
1994: Campagnolo (35) – Miguel Indurain (Spain) (4) – 38.4 / 24.0
1995: Campagnolo (36) – Miguel Indurain (Spain) (5) – 39.2 / 24.5
1996: Campagnolo (37) – Bjarne Riis (Denmark) – 39.2 / 24.5
1997: Campagnolo (38) – Jan Ullrich (Germany) – 39.2 / 24.5
1998: Campagnolo (39) – Marco Pantani (Italy) – 40.0 / 25.0
1999: NO WINNERnotes 3
2000: NO WINNER
2001: NO WINNER
2002: NO WINNER
2003: NO WINNER
2004: NO WINNER
2005: NO WINNER
2006: Campagnolo (40) – Óscar Pereiro (Spain) – 40.8 / 25.5
2007: Shimano – Alberto Contador (Spain) – 39.2 / 24.5
2008: Shimano (2) – Carlos Sastre (Spain) – 40.5 / 25.3
2009: SRAM – Alberto Contador (Spain) (2) – 40.3 / 25.2
2010: SRAM (2) – Andy Schleck (Luxembourg) – 39.6 / 24.7
2011: Shimano (3) – Cadel Evans (Australia) – 39.8 / 24.9
2012: Shimano (4) – Bradley Wiggins (Great Britain) – 40.4 / 25.1
2013: Shimano (5) – Chris Froome (Great Britain) – 40.9 / 25.6
2014: Campagnolo (41) – Vincenzo Nibali (Italy) – 40.7 / 25.3
2015: Shimano (6) – Chris Froome (Great Britain) (2) – 38.6 / 24.1
2016: Shimano (7) – Chris Froome (Great Britain) (3) – 39.6 / 24.7
2017: Shimano (8)Notes 6 – Chris Froome (Great Britain) (4) – 40.997 / 25.474

Overall

  1. 41 Victories: Campagnolonotes 4 (Italy)

    Tour de France Winner Groupsets - Campagnolo logo

  2. 10 Victories: Simplex (France)

    Tour de France Winner Groupsets - Simplex logo

  3. 8 Victories: Shimanonotes 5 (Japan)

    Tour de France Winner Groupsets - Shimano logo

  4. 3 Victories: Huret (France)

    Tour de France Winner Groupsets - Huret logo

  5. 2 Victories: SRAM (USA)

    Tour de France Winner Groupsets - SRAM logo

  6. 2 Victories: Super Champion (France)

    Tour de France Winner Groupsets - Super Champion logo

  7. 1 Victory: Mavic (France)

    Tour de France Winner Groupsets - Mavic logo

  8. 1 Victory: Vittoria Margherita (Italy)

    Tour de France Winner Groupsets - Vittoria Margherita logo

Roger Lapébie's (Mercier-Hutchinson) Tour de France 1937 winner bike
Roger Lapébie’s (Mercier-Hutchinson) Tour de France 1937 winner bike – a Mercier equipped with Super Champion groupset
Gino Bartali's Tour de France 1938 winner bike
Gino Bartali’s (Legnano) Tour de France 1938 winner bike – a Legnano equipped with Vittoria Margherita groupset
Jean Robic's Tour de France 1947 winner bike
Jean Robic’s (Génial Lucifer-Hutchinson) Tour de France 1947 winner bike – a Génial Lucifer equipped with Simplex groupset
Gino Bartali's Tour de France 1948 winner bike
Gino Bartali (Legnano) shifting the Campagnolo Cambio Corsa during his 1948 Tour de France win. A Legnano equipped with Campagnolo Cambio Corsa groupset.
Louison Bobet's Tour de France 1953 winner bike
Louison Bobet riding his Stella bike (Stella badged but constructed by Camille Daudon) during 1953 Tour de France. Equipped with Huret groupset.
Greg LeMond's Tour de France 1989 winner Bottecchia
Greg LeMond’s (ADR) Tour de France 1989 winner Bottecchia – equipped with Mavic groupset
Alberto Contador at 2007 Tour de France
Alberto Contador (Discovery Channel) riding his Trek bike during 2007 Tour de France. Equipped with Shimano Dura-Ace groupset.
Alberto Contador at 2009 Tour de France
Alberto Contador (Astana) riding his Trek Madone on Mont Ventoux climb during 2009 Tour de France. Equipped with SRAM Red groupset.

NOTES

  1. Second World War
  2. The Course du Tour de France (English: Race of the Tour of France), also known as Monaco–Paris was organised in 1946 by Le Parisien Libéré together with l’Equipe. The race had many things familiar to the old Tours de France: there were six national teams and five regional French teams, and the leader in the race was also given a yellow jersey. The race was won by French cyclist Apo Lazarides.
  3. Lance Armstrong years
  4. If we exclude 1946 “Monaco–Paris”, Campagnolo has 40 Tour de France victories.
  5. Lance Armstrong has been stripped of his seven Tour de France victories. He was using Shimano groupset.
  6. For the first time in history, at the 2017 Tour de France, teams using Dura-Ace groupset won every stage and jersey. A total of 17 teams were using Shimano, 3 teams were using Campagnolo and only two teams were using SRAM. The teams using other groups than Dura-Ace has won nothing.

Sources

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